.
Uganda National Household Survey Findings 2009/2010
Uganda National Household Survey Report 2009/2010

3.0 Education

3.7 Gross Primary School Enrolment Ratio

Gross enrolment ratio (GER) is defined as the total enrolment in a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education in a given school year. This is the most commonly used and most readily available measure of participation. In Uganda, the official age for being in primary school is between 6 and 12 years and in this chapter, the GER is computed only for the primary education. Table 3.7 shows that the GER was estimated at 120 percent. This ratio is almost the same for both boys (121%) and girls (120%). The GER in urban areas is lower (111%) than that for rural (122%) because children in urban areas are more likely to attend at the official school-going age of 6-12 years. Regional variations show that the Eastern region has the highest gross enrolment ratio (126%) while Central region had the lowest (113%).

Table 3.7: Gross Enrolment Ratio by Selected Background Characteristics (%)

Characteristic

No of persons attending primary ‘000

Number of children aged 6-12 years ‘000

Gross enrolment Ratio (GER)

Sex

 

 

 

Male

4,417

3,644

121

Female

4,293

3,592

120

Residence

 

 

 

Urban

937

843

111

Rural

7,773

6,394

122

Region

 

 

 

Kampala

272

249

110

Central

1,696

1,504

113

Eastern

2.816

2,243

126

Northern

1,909

1,594

120

Western

2,017

1,647

122

Uganda

8,710

7,236

120


3.8 Net Primary School Enrolment Ratio
Net primary enrolment ratio (NER) is the number of children of official primary school age who are enrolled in primary education as a percentage of the total children of the official school age population. The purpose of NER is to show the extent of participation in a given level of education of children and youths belonging to the official age group. This is a very important indicator in measuring rates of access to education, when considering gender inequality issues, as well as regional or rural/urban inequalities.


Table 3.8 reveals that the net primary school enrolment rate is 83 percent and is slightly higher for females (83%) than males (82%), which has been the trend in the past surveys. The net enrolment ratio computed from this survey is slightly lower than the ratios from the previous two surveys though not significant.


Table 3.8: Net Primary School Enrolment Ratio by Sex (%)

Characteristic

No of persons attending primary ‘000

Number of children aged 6-12 years ‘000

Gross enrolment Ratio (GER)

Sex

 

 

 

Male

4,417

3,644

121

Female

4,293

3,592

120

Residence

 

 

 

Urban

937

843

111

Rural

7,773

6,394

122

Region

 

 

 

Kampala

272

249

110

Central

1,696

1,504

113

Eastern

2.816

2,243

126

Northern

1,909

1,594

120

Western

2,017

1,647

122

Uganda

8,710

7,236

120


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Copyright , Uganda Bureau of Statistics 2010