Uganda’s population has continued to grow rapidly over time. It increased from 9.5 millions in 1969 to 24.2 million in 2002. Between 1991 and 2002, the population growth rate was 3.2 percent. The population is projected to have increased to 32.9 million by mid 2011
Census population, 1969, 1980, 1991 and 2002 and mid year (2011) projection
The fertility levels have remained high over the past 3 decades, with the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of about 7 children per woman. Figure 2.1.3 below shows the trend of TFR over the period 1991 to 2006. According to the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS), TFR has slightly reduced to 6.7 children per woman. The TFR is higher in the rural areas compared to the urban areas.
There has been a general improvement in mortality levels. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined from 97 to 76 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1995 and 2006 while the under five mortality declined from 162 to 137 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period. The 2006 UDHS showed that IMR is lower among children in urban areas as well as those born to educated and wealthier mothers.
Statistical Appendix Tables
T1: Number of inhabitants by region (’000)
T6: Annual Growth Rate
T2: Summary of demographic indicators
T3: Projected midyear Population for 5 year age groups, 2010 – 2012
T4: Population of selected Age groups
T5: Population by Gender
T6: Life Expectancy at Birth
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